Ariadne's Tribe: Minoan Spirituality for the Modern World

Walk the sacred labyrinth with Ariadne, the Minotaur, the Great Mothers, Dionysus, and the rest of the Minoan family of deities. Ariadne's Tribe is an independent spiritual tradition that brings the deities of the ancient Minoans alive in the modern world. We're a revivalist tradition, not a reconstructionist one. We rely heavily on shared gnosis and the practical realities of Paganism in the modern world. Ariadne's thread reaches across the millennia to connect us with the divine. Will you follow where it leads?

Find out all about Ariadne's Tribe at ariadnestribe.com. We're an inclusive, welcoming tradition, open to all who share our love for the Minoan deities and respect for our fellow human beings.

  • Home
    Home This is where you can find all the blog posts throughout the site.
  • Tags
    Tags Displays a list of tags that have been used in the blog.
  • Bloggers
    Bloggers Search for your favorite blogger from this site.
  • Login
    Login Login form

Ariadne's Tribe Family of Deities: The Melissae

This is one in a series of posts about finding our deities in Minoan art. Find the whole series here.

Today we're going to focus on the Melissae. In Ariadne's Tribe, we view them as bee-spirit goddesses who care for the spirits of the dead. As such, the bee and beehive are the most obvious symbols we associate with them. For instance, there's the famous Malia bee pendant:

Malia bee pendant
Image CC BY 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

This beautiful gold pendant depicts two bees holding what may be a piece of honeycomb, with what looks like a drop of honey between their mouths. This pendant also happens to be the symbol we've chosen as the Ariadne's Tribe logo: The bees represent community and interdependence, like in a hive. The honey is the sweetness of connection with the divine. And the three round drops at the bottom of the pendant remind us of the Three Mothers who preside over our pantheon.

There's another lovely Minoan bee that's also gold:

Minoan gold bee
Image CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

This one probably had stones inlaid in the eyes, way back when. The granulation on both of these pieces is really quite impressive, and it makes me think of all the tiny, fuzzy hairs on a honeybee's body.

Beehives are a little harder to find in Minoan art, but they're there if you know where to look. Take, for instance, this gold seal ring from the Isopata tombs near Knossos:

Isopata seal ring
Image CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

The actual ring is at the top of the photo above; the larger gold oval is the museum's enlargement for easier viewing. It's kind of hard to see, but above the head of the figure on the far right, there's a beehive with bees streaming out of it. It may represent the presence of the Melissae during the ritual that's depicted on the ring.

This is just a single beehive. But the Minoans were renowned for their beekeeping. They had so many hives, the Linear B tablets record huge quantities of honey at the Knossos temple complex. And there just happens to be a Minoan fresco that shows beehives in their natural habitat, so to speak. It's the Flotilla fresco from Akrotiri:

Akrotiri Flotilla fresco
Image Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons

I recommend clicking through to the original full-size image on Wikimedia, preferably on a large screen such as a laptop, so you can see all the detail. The fresco depicts a festive procession of ships, perhaps something like the Blessing of the Ships that we celebrate in Ariadne's Tribe. The ships in the fresco are sailing from one port, on the left, to a second port, on the right. If you look closely at the far right end of the fresco, you'll see that there's a hillside just to the left of the port, and it's covered with rows of beehives. Bees, honey - and the Melissae!

So the next time you see honeybees or hives, in Minoan art or elsewhere, think of the Melissae and their buzzing greeting as they wend their way from the spirits of the dead in the Underworld to those of us who honor them in the World Above.

Last modified on
Laura Perry is a priestess and creator who works magic with words, paint, ink, music, textiles, and herbs. She's the founder and Temple Mom of Ariadne's Tribe, an inclusive Minoan spiritual tradition. When she's not busy drawing and writing, you can find her in the garden or giving living history demonstrations at local historic sites.

Comments

Additional information