One-Eyed Cat: Norse Paganism & Northern European Witchcraft

This is the magic of Freyja and I am her völva: a seer, priestess and oracle.

Sharing wisdom taught directly by the Norse Gods over twenty years of practice, I teach safer seiðr / seidr / seidhr (Norse trance work and fate-magic), reverent animism, and deeper workings with the Gods and land spirits through respect for all life and peoples.

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Why are Heathen Women So Scared of Magic?

Heathen women, reclaim your rightful place of power as witches, please. It's not a Wiccan thing. It's our heritage.

Magical practice-- witchcraft-- is the great heritage of central and northern European women, as vital as the male warrior traditions to our ancestors’ communities. From noblewomen to the humblest farm wife, women were expected to work magic on behalf of their family, the sick and the woundedand to uphold their kingdoms! Bands of professional priestesses, the volur were esteemed and traveled safety over both land and rivers, surviving into the time of the Greenland colony.

These two facts can be quoted by plenty of modern Heathens, but how many actually put stock in it by their actions, attitudes and beliefs regarding witchcraft-- and the women who practice it?

Tacitus, Julius Caesar, other Roman historians and later European clerics have all testified to the importance of holy women, omens, magical song, healing charms and divination to the Germans and Celts. Magic and poetry pervaded both Northern Europeans' lives and worldview. The Romans did not clearly differentiate between these two groups of people as we moderns seem to; Caesar and Augustus drove the residents of what is now modern France who survived brutal and systematic extermination across the Rhine into what is now Germany… making later continental Germanic beliefs “Celtic” by way of Gaulish inheritance.

That's right, Celtic.

The same cultural well most neo-pagans are drawing off of, knowingly or not. The Celts/Germans were a deeply mystical, intellectually sophisticated people who approached the Gods directly within community rites, ceremonies and visions, not by way of studying texts, originally seeing the Gods as dynamic forces pervading the very universe, and so not easily depicted, rather than strictly human-like residents of a divine city fortress. (Which is not to say that they aren't human-like if you approach them in vision! Just that this is not their "true" form, and seeing them purely as supernatural humans limits the scope of understanding their power. Perhaps a stag perceives Frey as a great stag, for instance.)

This is in in our very veins: the honored art and power of our ancestors. Magic is the power of women, equal to or exceeding that of any saga warrior, but differently applied. Even our great mortal male heroes in the most ancient tales, from Siegfried to Helgi, Svipdag to Freyja’s lover Ottar, all honorably practiced magic, went on mystical journeys and engaged with magical women and Goddesses. Yes, these are fictions. The point is: magic was esteemed. So why is our magical heritage still being hidden and shunned, aside from a few modern books on the subject? Why is magic whispered and rumored about in Heathen kindreds, the subject quickly changed to say, handicrafts and bread baking (which was once considered a magical act!), instead of being actively taught? Why aren’t our older women actively mentoring the younger ones in this? Why is Havamal studied and quoted more than the Voluspa, which begins the Poetic Edda?

It’s time we changed that.

Or, are we as a community going to stay locked in the sexist mindset of Protestant Christianity ̶   which eschews magical energies, true feminine power, direct gnosis and ritual for the reliance on translated sacred texts−  for another century, instead of embracing the ways of our ancestors, whose very poems, artistic legacy and prose literature are almost entirely mystical and experiential? Are we going to culturally continue to rely on second, third and hundredth-hand accounts, or the opinions and doggedly re-iterated mistranslations of Christian, atheist and politically-motivated academics rather than acquiring our own personal knowledge of the very beings we claim to worship?

No one can argue that our pagan female ancestors had far more rights and social honor than those under Christianity. That’s well known historical fact, proudly repeated by modern Heathens. The lusty shield maidens of Hollywood and saga fame are hailed with gusto. Except they often leave out the part where our pagan female ancestors were almost all witches, to some degree.

If we’re so scared of magic, why are we heartily hailing, worshiping and placing Odhin and Frigg/Frija/Freyja, at the center of the modern pantheon a God and Goddess of magic, ecstasy and the Underworld, again? Not to mention that Frau Holle/Frigg (Odin's wife in Germany), is the very broom-riding, pointy-hatted old woman accompanied by cats we get our classic European depiction of witches from?

Which other revered God (of magic!) do we know who has a floppy brimmed hat, again?

Heathen women, I both welcome and challenge you: reclaim your rightful place of power as witches, please. It's not a Wiccan thing. It's not a neo-pagan thing. It's our heritage.

If your kindred actively teaches magic to its members, I'd love to hear about it. Traveling across the US, I've found that to be rare.

Please see also:


  • Image by Collingswood: Groa's Incantation. Illustration for Svipdagsmal (the hero calls up his dead, witch mother for advice and protection.)
  • For historical reference on ancient Heathenry, please read Tacitus' Germania with a mild grain of salt, as he was chiding the Romans for their perceived decadence and embellished the rustic, "noble savage" aspects of our ancestors a bit-- as did other Romans. Julius Caesar, likewise, downplayed our achievements in things like road building, communications networks and sublime vehicle construction quite a bit. (We were exquisite charioteers before ship builders!) It served his agenda of conquest.
  • Also see Herodotus' accounts regarding the Hyperboreans and Keltoi.


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Shirl Sazynski is a priestess trained directly by Frey, Odin, Loki and Freyja. She is passionately committed to healing the rift between us and the ancestors and strengthening our friendship with the Gods, the land and the spirits sharing our world.
Her column, "One-Eyed Cat", runs in Witches and Pagans Magazine. An oracle, icon painter and author, her work has appeared in both popular and pagan media.


  • Thesseli
    Thesseli Tuesday, 22 August 2017

    They're scared of magic because most of them are enmeshed in patriarchal Indo-European mythology, and the retelling of that mythology by patriarchal Christian sources.

  • Shirl Sazynski
    Shirl Sazynski Wednesday, 23 August 2017

    But the myths themselves are not so patriarchal! That is an over-simplification and due to the emphasis of scholars and prejudice about Northern European culture, period.

    Not to mention that the oral lore overwhelmingly was passed into the modern era by women (then recorded by men due to cultural shifts.) Both Edda collections begin with untrammeled female power, and the strongest force of magic in the universe is a female one- seidhr.

    In the Prose Edda (compiled by a man, Snorri) Gylfi seeks knowledge because Gefiun bests him.The mysteries focus on union with a feminine power. (I would argue that the female mysteries, perhaps, hinge on that same union with a masculine power - and this is why modern people experience 'Godspousery', having lost our language of initiation and priesthood and misunderstanding the responsibility of priesthood and profound alteration of the soul that comes with it, not romantic fantasy spewed out on Tumblr- but that's quite detailed to get into.)

    Perhaps part of the problem is that Snorri was obviously aware of the female mysteries but as a man could not access them, so we have the masculine and dual-sexed side of it. He certainly knew that Freyja was still being worshiped, and alludes to it.

    He is quite honest that the Goddesses are equal to the Gods, too.

  • Kayly
    Kayly Friday, 25 August 2017

    You disappeared from this site for a long time; I missed reading your articles.
    Regarding magic: The Norse system has a stereotype of being macho. I was looking at various websites once, thinking I might join one one day, and I saw one that said not to bother joining them if you were into magic. They may have meant certain kinds of magic, but it was all pretty common stuff they listed; I think they mentioned crystals or Tarot or something similar. I didn't stay on the site long because I do what feels right for me. As long as I don't get negative signals from the gods, I use that tool.

  • Shirl Sazynski
    Shirl Sazynski Sunday, 27 August 2017

    If you get a chance to read my column, you will see that I use runes for magical purposes (they are sigils, abstract signs) and tarot as a vehicle to connect to deities more, as it is visual and so works as a set of icons to focus for divination.

    Plenty of Heathens use crystals. A very well respected Heathen (both inside and outside the Heathen community) owns a crystal shop in Phoenix - Fantasia Crystals - and teaches classes on crystals and Heathenry there.

  • Shirl Sazynski
    Shirl Sazynski Sunday, 27 August 2017

    Why not try reading Maria Kvilhaug's lovely book on the Northern mysteries (which are human understandings of the esoteric, neither macho nor feminist), Seed of Yggdrasil?

    I think you may enjoy her approach. She is a witch, not ground in modern Heathen dogma nor in Wiccan dogma, and spot on about the wisdoms our ancestors passed on which have little to do with Hollywood notions.

  • Victoria
    Victoria Monday, 21 September 2020

    Why dont more women who identify with Germanic neopaganism discuss/use magic? I don't get it either. We have marvellous sources that support the historical use of herbalism, moon magic, spell work and divination. Frankly, I blame the stupidity of neopagan books, many of these authors are often ignorant of historical sources and love to rehash new age drival.

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