Salve Brazil!: From Spiritism to Umbanda, Candomble, Quimbanda
Delve into a fascinating cultural force and deeply spiritual tradition that comprises the axe--power--of Brazilian magickal religions. Followers of all paths will find something unique to incorporate into their lives.
More on Yemanja
I know it’s been almost a month since I’ve blogged. Things have been so super busy here, as they probably also are in yours and everybody’s lives. I was asked by my publisher to create an outline for a new book on tea to complement TEA LEAF READING FOR BEGINNERS, which has been rather successful. This book, if the acquisitions committee agrees to it, will be on tea and health. It hasn’t gone to the Vision Committee yet, but I’m keeping my fingers (and toes) crossed for a favorable outcome.
Now back to my favorite orixá Yemanjá. Last time around I promised I would list some of her characteristics. These are important because despite a few variations from group to group and sect to sect, these characteristics make this entity recognizable anywhere. Also if you think of these entities as representing spiritual concepts or spiritual energies, then building a complete picture of the orixá in your mind will help you draw on her energy, power or whatever you wish to call it. If you have any familiarity at all with Ceremonial Magick, you will recognize the concept. By the way, you do not have to be female to be a devotee of Yemanjá.
Having said that, Yemanjá holds dominion over various aspects of life; principal of which is fertility of mind, body, and spirit. She is considered the beloved wife of Oxalá (very roughly equivalent to a Christ-like figure) in the pantheon of gods. By analogy, she is the goddess of mothers, wives and families. Because her dwelling place is the middle depths of the sea, she is the patron of fishermen and women as well. So you might call upon her to give you a hand in any of those areas.
Speaking of calling upon her, like all of the orixás, she has special salutations. They are Odóia! (mother of the river) Odô-fé-iabá! (beloved river lady) and Ora-yê-yê-ô! (more general salutation). She also has a dance which her sons and daughters (devotees) perform when they incorporate her as mediums. You can also perform this dance a ritual to call upon her. It consists of making undulating movements with the hips and soft movements with the hands as if parting waters. This last gesture is similar to the one used to part the veil in the Greater Pentagram Ritual of Ceremonial Magick. These movements should all be performed in a soft and seductive manner as Yemanjá is also associated with mermaids who seduce fishermen and sailors.
If you want to dress in the style of the entity in order to celebrate her essence , create an altar for a ritual to call upon her to aid you, or to incorporate her as her medium (which you are not allowed to do without authorization as an initiate!) you need to know something about her colors, symbols and mode of dress. Most sects use light blue or white as her colors, but some, including the authorities Roger Bastide and Pierre Verguer, opt for rose and indigo. Her beads are often white, crystal clear or blue, If you want to get really fancy you can use real crystal, diamonds, silver and pearls. But one of the simplest, least expensive, and in my opinion, most elegant sets of beads is made from seashells. If I’m able to upload this, I have a photo of my set of Yemanjá beads. (I forget if I’ve mentioned that I am a daughter of 2 orixás, of which Yemanjá is one of my entities).
Her mediums dress in a white blouse and blue skirt with a white cloth at the waist over the skirt. They wear the necklace (called a guia) described above, bracelets, and a pink sash with 2 silver fish attached to it at the waist. They tie another blue sash around the head that hangs down the back. Over this sash they place a fringed crown with beads. This is a beautiful dress to behold.
If you are performing a ritual to Yemanjá, you can include some of her other symbols on your altar. These could range from something simple as a silver star or a silver half moon cut from cardboard and painted wilver. Or you can go all out and produce a real silver cutlass or silver fish, or even fashion an abebê, which is a ritual round silver fan etched with a figure of a mermaid. If you don’t have the funds to put into such finery, some seashells of the interesting kinds that you pick up along the beach or white china or porcelain bowls will do quite well!
Devotees are accustomed to leaving offerings to the “saint,” especially if she has fulfilled a petition for you. And speaking of petitions, if you make one, most sects agree that Saturday is the best day. However, others insist that Friday is Yemanjá’s day. Actually, I tend to agree with the minority on this one, as to me this entity seems Venusian, and Friday is the day of Venus. Do what your intuition tells you.
A simple offering (always in a white bowl, by the way) might consist of cooking rice in plain water. Pour the rice into the bowl and decorate it with rose petals and honey.
To make Yemanjá pudding, grate 1 cup of coconut meat and set aside. If you live in northern climes as do I and don’t have coconuts dropping like manna from heaven all around your yard, use one cup of commercial grated coconut. In a large saucepan pour 4 cups milk and add 5 tablespoons butter and 5 tablespoons cornstarch. Sweeten with white sugar to taste. (It is important not to use turbinado, brown or any organic sugar for this particular offering. You want your dish to turn out white, not brown.) Heat the mixture until it thickens. Add the coconut, mix well, and transfer to the white bowl you are going to use for the offering, and refrigerate until it sets. If truth be told, I transfer just some of the mixture to the white bowl, but eat the rest of the pudding as a treat after the ritual is completed.
If you’re doing a major celebration for her, such as on her day December 31 or February 2, you can put together a Yemanjá feast. Decorate the table with a white or blue cloth, seashells, and any of the other symbols mentioned above. Place a vase of white roses in the center, white candles, a red fish, especially red snapper, and glasses of champagne. Offer some to the Lady of the Sea during your rite by emptying some of the food into a river, stream or--best--the sea. You can put it all (including the lighted candles) on a little boat and launch it on the water. At least this is what Brazilians do. After the ritual is over, have a feast with what you’ve kept back and celebrate this Lady’s kindness, understanding and continued patronage.
As usual, I have been more longwinded than I intended. So next time, I’ll finish with Yemanjá by addressing the herbs associated with her and relating some of the legends surrounding her. By the time I am done, you should have a pretty good idea of what constitutes the essence of this orixá. Then I absolutely must move into other territory—principally the controversial concept of sacrifice. So stay tuned.
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